Social And Environmental Indexes To Determine The Impacts Of Closed Neighbourhoods In Brazil
Free (open access)
27 - 36
F. J. M. Pedrazzi, F. T. Conceição
São Paulo State, in Brazil, is getting increasingly crowded, like in other third world countries around the world, so should give great importance to city development. This work considered the phenomenon of closed neighbourhoods (CN) as an important factor to city planning, papers report many impacts of this model of neighbourhoods in other countries, but in Brazil its impacts are not yet well listed in the literature. The aim of this work was to determine indicators to achieve the social and environmental performances and verify their applicability on three different closed neighbourhoods in São Paulo state, Brazil. The indicators were condensed on indexes: water management, waste management, energy and emissions, legal compliance, environment and buildings, risk management, health and education and governance. The preliminary results indicated several social and environmental problems in all indexes.
gated villages, closed neighbourhoods, social and environmental performance, indicators and indexes, Brazil