Food Versus Fuel: The Case Of The Makeni Community In Sierra Leone
Free (open access)
37 - 48
A. Wedin, M. Lundgren, C. Mushi, L. Suleiman & J.-E. Gustafsson
Food security can be defined in terms of availability, access, and use of food. The study assesses whether the measures taken by Addax Bioenergy in the Makeni community in Sierra Leone are effective and sufficient to ensure food security locally as well as regionally. Land and water availability, agricultural intensification and infrastructure, self-sufficiency/market dependency and alternative income options have been identified as the main factors affecting food security in the project area. The main measures employed by Addax involve the use of an ‘environmental, social and health impact assessment’ (ESHIA) to identify and propose measures to mitigate any impacts that would adversely affect the food security of the region. The results show that the proposed measures for mitigating negative impacts on food security are in some instances inappropriate and inadequate, leaving the affected communities exposed to risks and shocks of food insecurity. It is also found that the insufficiency of mitigation measures is a result of weak governance and lack of oversight that may leave the community at the mercy of Addax Bioenergy. Keywords: food security, impact assessment, Sierra Leone, Addax biofuel project, local community, land sufficiency, agriculture.
Keywords: food security, impact assessment, Sierra Leone, Addax biofuel project, local community, land sufficiency, agriculture.