WIT Press


Incorporating Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) Practices Into The Planning Context: The Conceptual Case For Lot-scale Developments

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/ST110311

Volume

167

Pages

12

Page Range

341 - 352

Published

2011

Size

3,609 kb

Author(s)

R. T. S. Nunes, J. H. A. Prodanoff, B. Nunes & M. A. V. Freitas

Abstract

In recent decades, a number of sustainable strategies and polices have been created to protect and preserve our water environments from the impacts of growing communities. The Australian approach, Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD), defined as the integration of urban planning and design with the urban water cycle management, has made considerable advances on design guidelines since 2000. WSUD stormwater management systems (e.g. wetlands, bioretentions, porous pavement etc), also known as Best Management Practices (BMPs) or Low Impact Development (LID), are slowly gaining popularity across Australia, the USA and Europe. There have also been significant improvements in how to model the performance of the WSUD technologies (e.g. MUSIC software). However, the implementation issues of these WSUD practices are mainly related to ongoing institutional capacity. Some of the key problems are associated with a limited awareness of urban planners and designers; in general, they have very little knowledge of these systems and their benefits to the urban environments. At the same time, hydrological engineers should have a better understanding of building codes and master plans. The land use regulations are equally as important as the physical site conditions for determining opportunities and constraints for implementing WSUD techniques. There is a need for procedures that can make a better linkage between urban planners and WSUD

Keywords

water sensitive Urban design, WSUD technologies, Urban planning and design, lot-scale, procedures, Australia