WIT Press


Removal Of Copper(II) From Aqueous Solution By Non-living Oscillatoria Sp.

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/ST110301

Volume

167

Pages

8

Page Range

333 - 340

Published

2011

Size

3,078 kb

Author(s)

D. Singh

Abstract

The performance of dried green alga Oscillatoria sp. to remove Cu(II) from aqueous solution was investigated as a biosorbent. The non-living algal biomass was found to remove copper ions efficiently. The rate of biosorption was affected by contact time, pH, initial copper ion concentration and temperature. Optimal initial pH for Cu(II) sorption was found to be 4. The uptake of Cu(II) by algal biomass is very rapid in the initial contact time. Metal uptake capacity was observed to be increasing with an increase in initial metal ion concentrations. Temperature has a positive effect on the biosorption of the copper by Oscillatoria sp. The experimental data fitted well in both the Freundlich and Langmuir isotherms (R2>0.98). Qmax obtained from the Langmuir isotherms was found to be 36.2 mg/g. The sorbed copper ions were effectively desorbed using 0.1N HCl. Keywords: removal, biosorption, Oscillatoria sp., contact time, pH, metal uptake, desorption, temperature.

Keywords

removal, biosorption, Oscillatoria sp., contact time, pH, metal uptake, desorption, temperature