Monitoring Network-based Infrastructure For Forest Fire Detection
Free (open access)
91 - 99
V. S. Kharchenko, A. A. Orekhov, D. A. Kotchkar & V. V. Bogomolov
Information technology for design and reengineering of ground-based monitoring systems’ infrastructure was developed for forecasting and early detection of forest fires based on wireless networking, video surveillance and sensor networks. The technology is based on the methods of two-dimensional and three-dimensional coverage of multi-colored geometric objects, considering placement points and areas of surveillance, sensors, and network infrastructure as a whole. Heuristic procedures of a spatial covering of multicolor flat figures for various configurations are offered. Instrumental means of design and reengineering of ground-based monitoring systems, as well as a decision-making support, was developed to detect ignition centers and ensure fire-fighting. Keywords: monitoring, forest fire, video, sensor networks, coverage, design. 1 Introduction 1.1 Motivation Every year there are up to 400,000 forest fires occur on Earth, damaging about 0.5% of the total forest area and discharging millions of tons of products of combustion into the atmosphere. Some of them turn into catastrophic ones . In the last decade the problem of forest fires has become particularly acute due to the sharp deterioration of the ecological environment. Monitoring for forest fires is a system for observation and control of fire hazards in the forest under the terms of the weather, a condition of forest
monitoring, forest fire, video, sensor networks, coverage, design.