Comparison Study On Evaluating Urban Traffic, Transport System And Services In China And Japan
Free (open access)
27 - 39
R. Ando & M. Kawai
Over recent years, cities have been growing rapidly and motorization is expanding at a very quick pace in China. As a result, many problems relevant to traffic, transport systems and services have occurred in urban areas. In view of this situation and the social conditions, the central government has set forth a system called Action Program for Smooth Traffic and Transport. All cities/provinces/autonomous regions have been requested to apply this action program to improve the cities by evaluating progress of the situation. Before the problem deteriorates further, all Chinese cities have been acting positively in tackling the problems of urban traffic and transport by utilizing this program since its start in 2000. One characteristic of this action program is that 75 indicators including all respects of the urban traffic, the transport system and services have been used for evaluating and ranking the cities. Another characteristic is that the indicators changed year by year from 59 indicators proposed in 2000. In this paper, we try to clarify the feature of the indicators used in the evaluation system of urban traffic and transport after summarizing the Action Program for Smooth Traffic and Transport. Through the analysis, we will make it clear what stage the urban traffic and transport system are at, how the Action Program for Smooth Traffic and Transport is functioning for the change of the urban traffic and transport system and finally, what are the effects the evaluation system to the improvement the traffic and transport environment. To compare with Japan, a local version of the Performance Plan and Achievement Degree Report in Japan is also taken into consideration. Keywords: Smooth Traffic and Transport, Action Program, evaluating indicator, China, Japan.
Smooth Traffic and Transport, Action Program, evaluating indicator, China, Japan