WIT Press


Air Pollutant Deposition Effect And Morphological Change Of Cryptomeria Japonica Pollen During Its Transport In Urban And Mountainous Areas Of Japan

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/EHR090081

Volume

14

Pages

13

Page Range

77 - 89

Published

2009

Size

1540 kb

Author(s)

Q. Wang, X. Gong, S. Nakamura, K. Kurihara, M. Suzuki, K. Sakamoto, M. Miwa & S. Lu

Abstract

Morbidity due to Cryptomeria japonica pollinosis is increasing, especially in the urban areas of Japan. It represents a major health problem for most modern societies. The reasons for this increase might be the association of pollen with air pollutants. Hyper-reactivity tests are being conducted on mice and rats for allergic immune response. However, such tests cannot evaluate the deposition of pollen to the respiratory tract, because they force the animals to be immunized to pollen allergen mixed with air pollutants separately. The purpose of this study is to investigate how air pollutants deposit onto airborne Cryptomeria japonica pollen grains during the pollen-flying season between urban and mountainous areas, and to aid further bioreactivity and hypersensitive research. Suspended particulate matter (SPM), Cryptomeria japonica perigonium and pollen grains were collected to identify the deposition of air pollutants in an urban area, Saitama City, and in a mountainous area, Okuchichibu, during the pollen flying seasons. Ionic and metallic components of SPM and perigonium and pollen grains were analyzed. We found that crustal components (Al, Fe and Ti) tended to deposit on pollen perigonium. The amount of ionic components of particles (NO3 -, SO4 2- and NH4 +) and gaseous pollutants (NO2, SO2 and NH3) deposited on the perigonium and pollen grains were higher in the urban than in the mountainous areas, the results of which was proven by determination of gaseous

Keywords

Cryptomeria japonica pollen, perigonium, allergen, suspended particulate matter, ionic and crustal components, gaseous pollutants