WIT Press


Contribution Of Airborne Fine Particles Containing Cryptomeria Japonica Pollen Allergens To Airborne Organic Carbonaceous Aerosols During A Severe Pollination Episode

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/EHR090071

Volume

14

Pages

12

Page Range

65 - 76

Published

2009

Size

883 kb

Author(s)

Q. Wang, S. Nakamura, X. Gong, K. Kurihara, M. Suzuki, K. Sakamoto & D. Nakajima

Abstract

Japanese cedar pollinosis has been recognized recently as a serious social problem because of its high prevalence in Japan. It is well-known that the pollen grains of Cryptomeria japonica pollen (so-called Japanese cedar pollen) usually exist as coarse particles about 30 ┬Ám. However, it was supposed that the major allergen Cry j 1 (Cry j 1 particles) could be released to the atmosphere as respirable-sized particles and modified by some air pollutants during airborne transportation. Cry j 1 particles represent major seasonal allergen sources and are suspected to cause pollen asthma. Moreover, since Cry j 1 particles mainly consist of protein materials and cytoplasm from the pollens, they should be organic carbonaceous aerosols in fine particle sizes because protein materials are also some kind of organic carbon (OC). Therefore, one of the Cry j 1 release processes in which Cry j 1 eluted from several simulated rainfalls of various salt components have been investigated. As a result, about 60% of Cry j 1 was released in simulated rain containing Ca2+ ions. At the same time, it is important to examine the release behavior of Cry j 1 particles and to evaluate the source contributions calculated from Cry j 1 particles to organic carbonaceous aerosols. The aim of this study is to examine the particle size distribution of Cry j 1 and OC in airborne aerosols to clarify some mechanisms provoking pollen asthma and to evaluate source contributions during a severe pollination episode of FY 2005. Airborne Cry j 1 particles were collected with high volume Andersen air samplers, and Cry j 1 and OC (OC1-OC4) concentrations were determined by

Keywords

source contribution, PM1.1, Japanese cedar pollen, allergen, Cry j 1, pollen asthma, organic carbonaceous aerosol, organic carbon (OC)