WIT Press

DEFENCE MEASURES IN FLOOD RISK ASSESSMENT: A CASE STUDY

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/SAFE-V2-N2-105-117

Volume

Volume 2 (2012), Issue 2

Pages

12

Page Range

105 - 117

Author(s)

D. DE WRACHIEN & S. MAMBRETTI

Abstract

Flood defense is a problem of vital importance, for which knowledge and advanced scientific tools play a paramount important role in the strain of coping with flooding problems. In this context, flood modeling represents the basis for effective flood mitigation measures. By using models, an attempt is made to replace trial-and-error-based strategies, as practiced in the past, with more physically based measures of flood management and control. Mathematical models are the best tools, nowadays available, for the design of efficient flood protection strategies and excellent supporters of decision-makers. With reference to these issues, the paper provides a complete application of the procedures, nowadays available, for risk assessment, from catchment to a very local scale, on the Lambro River in Milano, Italy. It is shown that social and political constraints may force risk managers to find different solutions to solve the problems they have to face, which may be related to non-hydraulic issues.

Keywords

case studies, early warning, flood hazard, mathematical models