WIT Press


Behavior of natural organisms as a mimicking tool in architecture



Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/DNE-V12-N2-214-224

Volume

Volume 12 (2017), Issue 2

Pages

10

Page Range

214 - 224

Author(s)

DEENA EL-MAHDY & HISHAM S. GABR

Abstract

The relation in between architecture and nature has been one of combination for the last 400 years. Throughout history, architects have looked to nature for inspirations for building shapes, forms, and ornamentation without understanding nature’s behavior. Moreover, new architectural approaches are being called for integrating nature as a tool for solving problems and enhancing adaptation within the context. This has been recently implemented in biomimicry theories that are applied in design processes. Biomimicry is considered a new discipline that studies living organisms’ design and behavior in nature to solve human problems. Not only does this help in finding new ways for adaptation, it also generates new sources of inspiration for aesthetic expressions. This is of great importance nowadays as buildings are becoming inefficient; consuming a lot of energy, materials, and resources. Furthermore, construction processes are becoming increasingly unsustainable. While on the other hand organisms are creating effective and intelligent solutions in their homes by using less material. Engineers can also mimic natural methods of construction for building and design rather than their exact shapes. In addition, they also lead to efficiency in terms of energy, material usage, time, effort, and cost and can promote more adaptable, sustainable, and optimum solutions.

This research paper aims to explain the organism’s behavior when producing the material and translating it by using a digital tool by mimicking its behavior in construction. Methodology used for this process involves case studies analysis and observations of living organisms’ behavior. The cases selected apply biological techniques through their construction process. This involves using natural organisms to produce physical components for architectural product design. Results from the experiental and case studies will aim to conclude a set of findings on approaches for linking organism behavior with future construction processes.

Keywords

biomimicry, computational process, material, organism behavior, performance, rules in nature, responsive, robotic fabrication.