Optimal Planning For Developing, Modernizing And Maintaining The Street Infrastructure Of Dense And Large Urban Areas
Free (open access)
M. Popa, S. Raicu, E. Rosca & D. Costescu
This paper presents an optimisation model for scheduling works on urban street infrastructure. Using real traffic data from Bucharest, we analyse the exceeding of users’ costs, as the difference between the users' total costs on a simplified network without works and the users' total costs in cases of various strategies of work completion. Due to the significant amount of users' costs they have to be considered beside the construction costs in selecting the best scheduling strategy. The constructor's costs are presented in three situations: (i) - the route, including several streets, is totally closed, there is a sole constructor working on the entire route and the streets are opened to traffic simultaneously; (ii) - the route is executed subsequently, each street being opened to traffic as the works on it are finished; (iii) all works start simultaneously, each street having its own construction site and the streets are opened to traffic as the works are finished. The total social cost, as a sum of users' additional costs and constructor's costs for the three strategies, represents the objective function for the optimal works scheduling on urban street infrastructure. Keywords: users’ additional costs, road construction costs, public auctions for infrastructure works, planning strategy, discount of total social costs. 1 Introduction For a long period, the Bucharest City Hall did not have the necessary funds to make the transport infrastructure improvements/maintenance/developments for all kinds of urban transport networks (streets, tramway, trolleybuses, and tubes). In 2006, the total surface of the Bucharest street network was about 19500
users’ additional costs, road construction costs, public auctions for infrastructure works, planning strategy, discount of total social costs.