Study Of The Seismic Vulnerability Of Complex Masonry Buildings
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M. R. Valluzzi, G. Cardani, A. Saisi, L. Binda & C. Modena
The study of the seismic vulnerability of complex buildings belonging to an historical centre located in the Umbria region in Italy is presented here. An earthquake struck the area in 1997, which emphasized the high vulnerability of the masonry buildings, even in consolidated conditions. Since then a systematic study was carried out in collaboration among universities and public bodies, in order to set up proper methodologies for survey and damage classifications, structural analysis modelling and improvement intervention proposals. The necessity of organizing the study on building typologies (isolated, rows and complex aggregates) was evidenced. This allowed us to select suitable procedures for the seismic vulnerability assessments and to prove the reliability of simplified macro-element kinematics models to describe the behaviour of existing masonry buildings in limit conditions. Those models are particularly indicated for complex aggregates, where the high level of irregularities and structural deficiencies can make inapplicable standard procedures (e.g. based on the \“box” behaviour), and are used both for vulnerability prediction analyses and for simulation of possible retrofitting interventions. Keywords: seismic vulnerability, masonry typologies, complex buildings, macromodelling, limit analysis, kinematics mechanisms. 1 Introduction Complex buildings in seismic area have specific vulnerability aspects which can make very difficult the adoption of common structural assessment procedures usually applied for regular buildings  . The presence of geometrical irregularities both in plan than in section (lack of correspondence among walls and floors along vertical or horizontal lines) and constructive specificities (efficiency of connections, quality of constitutive
seismic vulnerability, masonry typologies, complex buildings, macromodelling, limit analysis, kinematics mechanisms.