Measurement Of Pedestrian Exposure To The Potential Dangers Of Daily Activity-travel Patterns In The Region Of Montreal
Free (open access)
J. P. Thouez, M. Gangbè, J. Bergeron, Y. Bussière, A. Rannou & R. Bourbeau
The objective of the present study is to elaborate and validate a measurement which would allow us to identify the circumstances and levels of pedestrian exposure to the potential dangers of daily activity-travel patterns in the region of Montreal. A review of the literature led us to construct three simple models and a composite model of exposure to traffic. The data were collected with the help of a daily diary of travel activities using a sample of pedestrians who went to work or to study or who returned to home. To calculate the distance, the length of walk, and the number of intersections crossed by a pedestrian different Geographic Information Systems (GIS) were operated. Statistical analysis was used to determine the significance between a measure of exposure on the one hand, and the sociodemographic characteristics of the participants or their geographic location on the other hand. Our results indicate that the potential exposure to risk of road accidents differs according to where the pedestrian lives. We also stress the point that the fact of having been involved in a road accident did not appear to change the actions of pedestrians. Keywords: pedestrian, daily diary of activities, measures of exposure to traffic, island of Montreal.
pedestrian, daily diary of activities, measures of exposure to traffic, island of Montreal.