WIT Press

Laboratory Experiments On The Hydrodynamics Of Waves On Adverse Currents

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/CE030281

Volume

70

Pages

10

Published

2003

Size

423.68 kb

Author(s)

L. Cappietti

Abstract

Laboratory experiments on the hydrodynamics of waves on adverse currents L.Cappietti Department of Civil Engineering Florence University, Italy Abstract A series of laboratory experiments on waves on adverse currents were conducted. The transformation of regular and irregular waves on a sloping bed was studied with and without currents. Effects of the currents on the waves transformations are reported. Concerning regular waves, wave height and wave length changes were measured. The analysis of data shows an increase of the former and decrease of the latter. Wave steepness increment, related to the case without currents, shows a clear trend proportional to the ratio between the mean current velocity and the wave celerity. For what concerns irregular waves, spectral transformation was noticed. Results show drastic changes for higher frequencies compared to the lower ones. Due to adverse currents, the frequencies higher than the peak frequency increase energy before breaking. Such transfer of en

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