WIT Press

Finite Element Modeling Of Seawater Intrusion Into Well-mixed Estuaries

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/CE030131

Volume

70

Pages

10

Published

2003

Size

368.43 kb

Author(s)

H.R. Ghafouri & J. Parsa

Abstract

Finite element modeling of seawater intrusion into well-mixed estuaries H.R. Ghafouri & J. Parsa Civil Engineering Department, Shahid Chamran University, Iran Abstract Estuaries are main water resources for various drinking, agricultural and industrial purposes in coastlines. With increasing water demand in these areas, the discharge of industrial and municipal wastewater into rivers and estuaries has increased. On the other hand, seawater intrusion into estuaries has decreased water quality which becomes more severe under the high tides. In order to reduce the undesirable impacts of seawater intrusion, recognition of the influential mechanisms and prediction of their impacts is essential. To achieve this, computer models are usually considered as the main tools. Throughout this paper a novel finite element model has been developed which is particularly applicable in the simulation of the flow hydrodynamics and salt transport in well-mixed estuaries. The presented model consists of two steps, t

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