WIT Press


Measurement Of Change Of Environmental Load Generated By Car Traffic On Economic Value

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/UT030531

Volume

64

Pages

12

Published

2003

Size

468.44 kb

Author(s)

A. Kondo, T. Fujisawa, T. Maeda, A. Yamamoto & Y. Enoki

Abstract

Measurement of change of environmental load generated by car traffic on economic value A. on do', T. ~ujisawa' , T. ~ a e d a ~ , A. yarnamoto3 & Y. ~ n o k i ' ' ~ e ~ t . of Ecosystem Engineering, The University of Tokushima, Japan 2 Wakayama Prefectural Ofice, Japan 3~ishiwada Municipal Ofjce, Japan Abstract As a car-dependant life style has become established in modern day Japan, the urban environment has deteriorated due to air pollution, vibration, noise, etc. generated by car traffic. This study proposes a new method to measure the value of the environment for environmental improvement employing the "Contingent Valuation Method (CVM)". In this study, air pollution, vibration and noise are taken as environmental loads. Value of environmental improvement by introduction of countermeasures is measured using the "Willingness To Pay (WTP)" index. In previous studies, only the range of environmental improvement has been considered in models as an independent variable to estimate its economic

Keywords