WIT Press


The Impact Of Road Pricing And Wind Fields On Vehicular Air Pollution

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/UT030281

Volume

64

Pages

10

Published

2003

Size

855.05 kb

Author(s)

Y. Tsubota & H. Kawashima

Abstract

The impact of road pricing and wind fields on vehicular air pollution Y. ~subota', H. ~awashima~ I Earth Science Department, Keio Senior High School, Japan. 2~aculty of Science and Technology, Keio University, Japan. Abstract The Road-Environmental Model was built using road-network, emission, and wind and air-pollution models to evaluate the impact of road pricing and wind fields on vehicular air pollution. Simulations based on current traffic conditions confirmed model capability and the importance of wind fields on air-quality levels. Wind fields were found to have greater impact on air quality than road pricing. In fact, a wind field actually diminished the impact of road pricing within a certain area. The air quality got worse beyond the road pricing area due to increased detoured vehicles. If road pricing were introduced, more private drivers would avoid such areas than their commercial counterparts. Hence the variable road-pricing method, based on air-pollution prediction, was proposed

Keywords