RISK REDUCTION IN TRANSPORT SYSTEM IN EMERGENCY CONDITIONS: A FRAMEWORK FOR EVACUATION PLANNING
Free (open access)
285 - 297
CORRADO RINDONE, PAOLA PANUCCIO
Emergency planning is part of the broader disaster management cycle that, at the international level, is identified with the following keywords: prevention; mitigation or prevention; preparedness; response; recovery. The paper focuses on preparedness and in particular on the planning process for ordinary and extraordinary conditions. The specific focus is on the evacuation planning process. In the last years, the United Nations (UN) and European Commission (EC) dedicated a great effort to pursue disaster risk reduction. At aiming this goal, UN and EC promote frameworks to orient the urban emergency planning process. Despite the European addresses, there is no uniformity of approaches for evacuation planning adopted by the Countries. This paper proposes a framework for evacuation planning at the urban scale, with a focus on passenger mobility. The proposed framework integrates theories produced by science, rules produced by laws and implementation in real cases. Planning, training, exercises and evaluation tools are the main elements of the framework that work to reduce risk. Some elements of the Italy case study will be presented.
emergency, risk, exposure, evacuation, urban planning