WIT Press


EFFECT OF AMOUNT OF GRAFTED CNT ON CARBON FIBER ON INTERFACIAL SHEAR STRENGTH BETWEEN CARBON FIBER AND POLYAMIDE RESIN BY MICRODROPLET TEST

Price

Free (open access)

Volume

196

Pages

10

Page Range

51 - 60

Published

2020

Paper DOI

10.2495/HPSM200061

Copyright

Author(s)

KAZUTO TANAKA, TOSHIKI TAKENAKA, TSUTAO KATAYAMA, YUSUKE MORITA, KIMITAKA WATANABE, MASATAKA KAWAGUCHI

Abstract

Carbon Fiber Reinforced Thermoplastics (CFRTP) are expected to be used more in the automobile industry because they could reduce carbon dioxide emissions by improving fuel consumption for engine/hybrid vehicles and extend the driving mileage for electric vehicles. For fiber reinforced composite materials, it is important to control the fiber/matrix interfacial shear strength (IFSS). Recently, carbon nanotubes (CNT) are being applied to CFRP as a reinforcement material because of their outstanding mechanical, electric and thermal properties – especially as a technique for grafting CNTs on the surface of carbon fibers has been developed and CNT grafted carbon fibers show higher fiber/matrix IFSS than carbon fibers. To optimize the fiber/matrix IFSS, the effect of the amount of grafted CNT on carbon fiber on the fiber/matrix IFSS has to be clarified. In this study, the fiber/matrix IFSSs between Polyamide 6 (PA6) and CNT grafted carbon fiber with different amounts of grafted CNT which were prepared using the Ni plating technique were clarified by a microdroplet test. Under the conditions of the Ni plating time of 30 s and 60 s, the fiber/matrix IFSS was lower than the conditions of the Ni plating time of 5 s because the resin was not inserted into the fiber/matrix interface due to the aggregation of CNTs, which was related to surface roughness of carbon fiber. Under the conditions of the Ni plating time of 5 s, the best fiber/matrix IFSS was obtained.

Keywords

carbon nanotubes, carbon fiber, PA6, CNT grafted carbon fibers, amount of CNT, fiber/matrix interfacial shear strength, microdroplet test