FLOOD DAMAGE ASSESSMENT
Free (open access)
61 - 68
MARTINA ZELEŇÁKOVÁ, LENKA GAŇOVÁ
Floods are among the extreme manifestations of the circulation of water in nature, flood protection is also a process which is never ending for human civilization. It began long ago in the distant past and will always be, unfortunately with very uncertain results, a component of each successive stage of the development of society. At present trends around the globe appear to be indicating that in subsequent periods the danger from flooding will increase. The range and extremity of flood episodes demonstrate the necessity for a complex proposal for building or supplementing flood protection measures in potentially flooded territories. In association with research of flood risk and meeting the targets of the Directive, more and more attention is continually being paid to methods focused on the assessment and analysis of risk, because they enable us to assess the effectiveness of costs of mitigating measures, and thus optimize investments. The analysis of flood risk can also be derived independently of the relation of the object of risk to the unwanted events, or floods. The paper deals with the resolution of the problem of managing flood risk with the aim of effective management focusing on reducing flood risks and thus increasing the measure of flood protection. It is elaborated in the sense of currently valid Slovak legislation in the field of flood protection, primarily according to the already mentioned Directive 2007/60/EC on the assessment and management of flood risks.
flood damage, economic flood damages, loss curves, Bodva river basin