WIT Press


Characterization Of Structural Change In Rail Surface Using Advanced Automatic Crystallographic Orientation Microscopy

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/CR160331

Volume

162

Pages

10

Page Range

367 - 376

Published

2016

Size

3,295 kb

Author(s)

J. Wu, R. H. Petrov, S. Li, Z. Li, S. Godet, L. Malet, J. Sietsma

Abstract

Surface structural changes, formed during wheel/rail contact, in R260Mn grade rails were investigated by electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD), transmission Kikuchi diffraction (TKD) in scanning electron microscope (SEM) and automatic crystal orientation mapping in transmission electron microscope (ACOM-TEM). Grain fragmentation and refinement of ferrite are characterized by all applied methods as well as grain alignment towards traffic direction. Substructures, having misorientation lower than 5°, are identified by kernel average misorientation (KAM). Detection of retained austenite indicates martensitic nature of the structural change observed in the heavily deformed surface layer.

Keywords

surface structural change, brown etching layer (BEL), pearlitic rails, electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD), transmission Kikuchi diffraction (TKD), automatic crystal orientation mapping in transmission electron microscope (ACOM-TEM), martensite, ret