Identification Of The Best Flood Retrofitting Scenario In An Urban Watershed By Means Of A Bayesian Decision Network
Free (open access)
V. Notaro, C. M. Fontanazza, G. La Loggia & G. Freni
Urban resilience to floods can be defined as a city’s capacity to avoid damage through the implementation of structural and non-structural measures, to reduce damage in the case of a flood that exceeds a desired threshold, to recover quickly to the same or an equivalent state, and to adapt to an uncertain future. To build flood resilience, planners need to identify and analyse risk, to understand the impacts of flooding, and how they cope with these impacts by means of innovative and adaptable strategies and measures. The number of possible retrofitting scenarios to cope with flooding problems in an urban watershed could be greatly increased by the combination of several stormwater management practices. Therefore, the present study aims to develop an expert system in the form of a Bayesian Decision Network (BDN) able to evaluate the efficiency of some possible urban flood retrofitting scenario by examining all significant water management variables and their inherent uncertainty. The methodology was applied to an urbanized area of the city of Palermo (Italy). Keywords: Bayesian Decision Networks, urban resilience, urban flooding, urban drainage modelling, flooding damage.
Bayesian Decision Networks, urban resilience, urban flooding, urban drainage modelling, flooding damage.