Structural Design, Typical Damages And Reinstatement Of The Malakoff Towers
Free (open access)
259 - 265
During the second half of the 19th century on continental Europe numerous masonry shaft buildings have been erected, which later, in referring to a fortress at Sevastopol in the Crimea, are called the Malakoff Towers. Due to a strong wish of a stately appearance, the design of these pit heads was oriented to the historistic style of the Anglo-Saxon castles. The carrying capacity of the towers was often so high that some of these structures remained over a hundred years in mining operation and are still preserved today. The author is currently counselling the rehabilitation of three examples of this kind of former hoisting shaft structures in different states in the project. The following article engages with the question of the structural design and the typical damage symptoms of this type of industrial monuments. Among these the available determination methods and materials during the construction period is evident. Furthermore diverse workloads during the industrial use have caused typical damages. Depending on this realising opportunities for the structural repair are shown in practical examples. Keywords: industrial heritage, rehabilitation.
Keywords: industrial heritage, rehabilitation.