WIT Press


Route Planning For Soft Modes Of Transport: Healthy Routes

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/UT110571

Volume

116

Pages

12

Page Range

677 - 688

Published

2011

Size

3,404 kb

Author(s)

P. Ribeiro & J. F. G. Mendes

Abstract

The application of sustainability principles on the definition of policies and actions for urban mobility relies on the promotion of less pollutant, economic, and more equitable modes of transport, such as walking and cycling, also known as smooth modes of transport. In this paper, a methodology is presented and described under the concept of healthy route generation. This integrates the contamination of the smooth modes of transport network, according to the noise levels and air pollution indices of the urban environment in which it is located, with the main objective of reducing the exposure level and the risk of development of respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. Healthy routes can be applied to attract and promote the use of smooth modes of transport in a regular basis in urban environments. Keywords: urban mobility, sustainability, walking, cycling, route planning, healthy routes, air pollution, noise. 1 Introduction Traditionally urban mobility policies are focused on the promotion of motorized traffic for all kind of trips. However, the process to achieve a more sustainable means of transport has shown that a new vision on urban mobility is being developed with the introduction of restrictions on motorized traffic while less pollutant and more efficient modes of transport must be used for travel, especially on a daily basis, such as walking and cycling. Usually in transportation planning, these are frequently named as \“green modes”, \“nonmotorized modes”, \“healthy modes” and \“soft modes” due to its intrinsic characteristics. Examples of good practices and accumulated experience in the promotion of the use of soft modes of transport can be found in some North

Keywords

urban mobility, sustainability, walking, cycling, route planning, healthy routes, air pollution, noise