WIT Press


Short-term Forecasting In Road Evacuation: Calibration Of A Travel Time Function

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/UT110521

Volume

116

Pages

12

Page Range

615 - 626

Published

2011

Size

3,043 kb

Author(s)

G. Musolino & A. Vitetta

Abstract

The paper presents a framework to define a function for estimating within-day variations of travel time on a network. The framework integrates two main components: a within-day traffic assignment model, that simulates the interaction between travel demand flows and the road transport network, and a dynamic vehicle routing model that provides optimal routes of emergency vehicles. The variable linking the two models is the short-term forecasted travel time, making it possible to capture anticipatory information on traffic dynamics on the network in evacuation conditions. Keywords: within-day traffic assignment, dynamic vehicle routing, short-term forecasting. 1 Introduction Correct information about travel time on a transport network is important to plan optimal Vehicle Routing (VR). In congested urban networks this is a binding task both in ordinary conditions for freight vehicles in order to perform efficient delivery and pick-up operations (e.g. to adhere to strict time windows) and in evacuation conditions (e.g. when a population has to be evacuated due to an approaching calamitous event) for emergency vehicles in order to allow people and goods to be rescued. In the former case the goal is to reduce costs of freight transport, while in the latter case it is to mitigate risk for people and goods. ITS technology enables real-time information on travel times to be provided on some network elements (links, paths, …). However, it is necessary both to cover the non-monitored elements of the network and to have reliable forecasted travel

Keywords

within-day traffic assignment, dynamic vehicle routing, short-term forecasting