WIT Press


A Method For Pedestrian Crossing Risk Assessment

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/UT110501

Volume

116

Pages

12

Page Range

587 - 598

Published

2011

Size

3,639 kb

Author(s)

D. Antov, T. Rõivas, I. Antso & P. Sürje

Abstract

Pedestrian crossings are contributing to important risk sites, especially at urban traffic environments. For example, in Tallinn, the capital of Estonia during the period of 2006–2009, one of three injury accidents took place at non-signalized pedestrian crossings. But it is still complicated to rank crossings due to the number of registered road accidents, because of some main reasons, such as (i) It is doubtful to wait for accidents to happen in order to take measures for their removal, and; (ii) Often a statistical inadequacy causes problems for ranking, as the number of registered accidents is often too small for comprehensive analysis. Thus, there is a big need for indirect risk ranking, in order to find the most reliable measures for safety improvement of pedestrian crossings. An additional problem occurs when the road accident took place close to a crossing, but not exactly at a crossing. Then the accident, even connected to the crossing site, might fall out of traditional statistics, thus registered under a different accident type. The project initiated in Tallinn had two main goals: Working out the method for road accidents mapping at the vicinity of a crossing. Developing the indirect method for the potential risk estimation of pedestrian crossing, using the number of potential risk factors, including the design (e.g. roadway width and layout), behavioural (e.g. speed) and others. Keywords: road safety, risk assessment, pedestrian crossings, road safety inspection.

Keywords

road safety, risk assessment, pedestrian crossings, road safety inspection