WIT Press


Experimental Investigation Of Combustion Characteristics And Emissions In A Spark Ignition Engine Fuelled With Gas In Lean Operation

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/UT100181

Volume

111

Pages

11

Page Range

191 - 201

Published

2010

Size

363 kb

Author(s)

M. S. Boulahlib, F. Medaerts & A. M. Boukhalfa

Abstract

This paper proposes an experimental study on the performance and emissions in the lean operation (Ф=0.6–0.7) of a six-cylinder spark ignition engine fuelled with natural gas, pure methane and a mixture of hydrogen in methane (85 CH4, 15%H2 by volume). Each fuel has been investigated at 1500 rpm and for various load conditions. Emissions, exhaust gas temperature and pressure cylinder were measured. The objective of the study is to determine how the load and equivalence ratio affect engine characteristics operating with natural gas and the hydrogen-methane mixture. The results show that the hydrogen addition increased HC and NO emissions, as well as the performance and cylinder pressure, but reduced the NOx, exhaust gas temperature and the CO and CO2 emissions. Keywords: spark ignition engines, natural gas, methane, hydrogen, emissions. 1 Introduction In recent years there has been a growing interest in increasing the use of gaseous fuel in spark ignition engines commissioned for light and heavy vehicles [1, 5]. Industrial engines and those of transportation are an important source of greenhouse gas emissions (CO2) and pollutants (HC, NOx and CO) [7]. In many countries, one of the short-term responses to anti-pollution laws would be the use of CNG (Compressed Natural Gas Fuel) or LPG (Liquid Petroleum Gas) as fuel

Keywords

spark ignition engines, natural gas, methane, hydrogen, emissions