Modelling The Poro-elastic-acoustic-elastic Layer Interactions: A Finite Element Method
Free (open access)
V. Easwaran & W. Lauriks
Porous materials are widely used as effective sound absorbers in both indu- strial as well as in architectural applications. In most cases, the frame of the porous materials is not rigid. It is well-known that Biot's theory* models effectively the behaviour of such materials. Analytical solutions to Biot's theory^ are restricted to simpler geometrical shapes. In the present paper, a finite element method based on the Galerkin approach is presented to model the poro-elastic medium and its interactions with elastic medium as well as surrounding fluid medium. The boundary conditions are effectively brought out in the process. Modelling the interaction between two porous layers is also discussed in the present paper.