WIT Press

Investigation Of Commercial Ready-mixed Mortars For Architectural Heritage


Free (open access)

Paper DOI






Page Range

231 - 241




2,858 kb


D. Gulotta, L. Toniolo, L. Binda, C. Tedeschi, R. P. J. van Hees & T. G. Nijland


In conservation practice, operations aiming to restore structural functionality of historical buildings are of primary relevance. Partial rebuilding, the substitution of damaged bricks or blocks and the integration of deteriorated joints are, among others, interventions that require the introduction of new materials in a heterogeneous and aged masonry system. An appropriate durability of these interventions can only be assured if a deep knowledge of the original materials and of their state of conservation is combined with reliable understanding of the behaviour of new materials introduced. The present paper reports the results of the investigation of four commercial ready-mixed mortars based on NHL binders. The mineralogical composition of each product has been evaluated by XRD and polarization-and-fluorescence microscopy (PFM). The molecular composition of the mixes has also been evaluated by FTIR spectroscopy and the morphological features have been studied by SEM observations. The mechanical behaviour has been tested as well. Although supposedly comparable products, the mortars show different compositional features, microstructures, additives and mechanical behaviour. These are essential to evaluate compatibility with historic materials, and should be stated on the technical data sheets, or be determined. Keywords: ready-mixed mortars, mortar characterization, natural hydraulic lime, XRD, FTIR.


ready-mixed mortars, mortar characterization, natural hydraulic lime, XRD, FTIR