The Skeletal And Heaped Characteristic Of Traditional Masonry Structures
Free (open access)
151 - 159
E. F. Alioglu & B. Alper
Just as in all pre-industrial societies, the historic structures in Anatolia derive from two materials, timber and stone. In timber construction, two categories, namely heaped construction and skeletal construction, are clearly distinguishable. In research to date, it can be seen that these categories have been clearly defined and explained. Yet, structural definitions in masonry buildings are mostly limited to the term heaped construction. However, in traditional masonry structures, it is possible to see, whether clearly or under a layer, a construction that reminds one of skeletal construction. In this paper, historical masonry structures that have been often described as heaped construction, but which actually contain both heaped and skeletal system characteristics, will be discussed. This dual-system will be examined with examples from Ottoman mosques and masonry houses in Anatolia. Keywords: skeletal construction, heaped construction, Ottoman mosques, masonry houses.
skeletal construction, heaped construction, Ottoman mosques, masonry houses