WIT Press


Novel Combined Approach For Bedrock Incision Analysis: Geochemistry And Hydraulic Modelling. Loire River Application (France)

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/GEO080091

Volume

100

Pages

10

Page Range

87 - 96

Published

2008

Size

1,606 kb

Author(s)

M. Tombozafy, D. Mimoun, M. Batton-Hubert, D. Graillot, D. Garcia & A. Aoufi

Abstract

The goal is to accurately forecast or understand erosion and deposition in bedrock river channels. The Loire River (France) was chosen as a case study. Like most European major rivers, the Loire presents an accelerated incision (2.5m during the last 150 years). Current models are limited because they can only accurately simulate aggradation and degradation on alluvial river containing non-cohesive and cohesive sediments. In our case, these models are not efficient along the whole length of this river. This is because of the outcropping of bedrock. This obstacle led us to establish a new manner to characterize bedrock incision not only by particle impacts but also considering stream flow intensity. To complete this work, we use the geochemical signature of transported materials to quantify the amount of substratum eroded between two sampled areas. This allows us to validate the results of the hydraulic model. Keywords: sediment transport, bed-load, stream flow, geochemistry, erosion, bedrock outcrop, numerical scheme. 1 Introduction The consequences of river incision are multiple: bridge scouring and structure failure, dam breaks, deeper lowest water levels, decreasing water tables, ripariale

Keywords

sediment transport, bed-load, stream flow, geochemistry, erosion, bedrock outcrop, numerical scheme.