WIT Press


Self-healing Of Steel Corrosion In A Model Alkaline Medium: Electrochemical Response And Surface Analysis

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/MC130181

Volume

77

Pages

12

Page Range

205 - 216

Published

2013

Size

2,291 kb

Author(s)

D. A. Koleva, J. Hu, H. Kolev, K. & Van Breugel

Abstract

The application of polymeric nano-particles for corrosion control in reinforced cement-based systems was studied. As an initial investigation, steel electrodes (St37) were tested in modified cement extract (CE), which is a model pore solution of pH 12.9 and chemical composition: 201 mg/l Ca; 3.85 mg/l K; 1.33 mg/l Na; 4 mg/l Al, Fe < 1 mg/l. Corrosion initiating factor was 5% NaCl. PEO113-b-PS780 vesicles at 0.0024 wt.% in the CE were employed. These are nano sacs of 220 nm, enclosing a volume with a thin membrane, thus able to effectively entrap water-soluble compounds. Ion binding (bulk liquid medium), steel surface adsorption and/or participation in oxide layers formation were the expected mechanisms of particles’ involvement. Both \“empty” and \“Cacontaining” vesicles were studied to evaluate \“barrier” effects only vs. selfhealing mechanisms. Increased steel corrosion resistance in the presence of both vesicle types was observed, however, it was more pronounced when Cacontaining ones were involved. CVA and XPS analysis, substantiate the selfhealing phenomena, through a direct evidence of pitting formation and propagation and consecutive healing (and no further pit formation) when Cacontaining vesicles are present. Keywords: corrosion, cement extract, vesicles, self-healing.

Keywords

corrosion, cement extract, vesicles, self-healing