WIT Press


Quantitative Description Of The Morphology Of Polyurethane Nanocomposites For Medical Applications

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/MC110331

Volume

72

Pages

10

Page Range

377 - 386

Published

2011

Size

1,129 kb

Author(s)

J. Ryszkowska & B. Waśniewski

Abstract

This paper presents the application of stereology methods to the description of morphological properties of polyurethane nanocomposites for medical applications. The study of the cross-section surface structure of the obtained materials was performed by Atomic Force Microscopy. The volume of hard phase agglomerate was used to evaluate the degree of phase separation of the examined nanocomposites. The relationships between the domain agglomerate characteristics and the properties of nanocomposites obtained from them were analysed. The results showed that nanocomposites with non-modified nanosilica dioxide (SiO2) and nanosilica dioxide modified with NH2 groups differs from polyurethane within the following properties: size and volume of the agglomerates of the hard domains, biocompatibility, thermo-mechanical and abrasive wear resistance. Keywords: nanocomposites, polyurethane, structure, image analysis, biomedical application 1 Introduction Polyurethanes (PURs) and their nanocomposites are a versatile plastic material, formulated to provide good biocompatibility, flexural endurance, high strength, high abrasion resistance and processing versatility over a wide range of applications [1]. The most common use in medical devices is in short-term implants [2]. Polyurethane elastomers are linear segmented copolymers

Keywords

nanocomposites, polyurethane, structure, image analysis, biomedical application