Ca(OH)2 Nanoparticle Characterization: Microscopic Investigation Of Their Application On Natural Stones
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55 - 66
V. Daniele & G. Taglieri
Owing to conversion of lime into calcium carbonate, lime is usually adopted for conservative surface treatments. However, some critical aspects concerning the treatments reduced penetration depth, the binder concentration and the incomplete lime carbonation process still represent undesired limits and hindrances. In order to improve lime treatments, Ca(OH)2 particles with nanometric dimensions (nanolime) have recently been introduced in Cultural Heritage conservation (frescoes, stuccoes, ..). The aim of the present work is to characterize Ca(OH)2 nanoparticles synthesized by a chemical precipitation process starting from two base supersaturated aqueous solutions of calcium chloride and sodium hydroxide. After several washes, necessary to remove the sodium chloride, the aqueous medium is partially substituted by 2-propanol to improve the suspension stability; an alcoholic nanolime suspension is obtained, characterised by a given concentration and a residual water content. In order to identify the structure of the formed phases and the particles reactivity, the obtained nanolime is characterised by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and profile analysis; scanning and transmission electron microscopy (SEM-TEM) are performed too. The results show hexagonally plated and regularly shaped particles with side dimensions equal to or less than 300nm; moreover particles have pure crystalline features and a high reactivity in terms of the carbonation process. Finally, the Ca(OH)2 nanoparticles are applied on some natural lithotypes; SEM analyses are performed to evaluate penetration depth and grain adhesion of the nanolime treatments itself. From SEM micrographs a partial filling of the lithotypes pores, located at a distance from the surface of more than 200μm, is observed. Keywords: calcium hydroxide, consolidation, lime, nanoparticles, protection.
calcium hydroxide, consolidation, lime, nanoparticles, protection