WIT Press


Computational And Experimental Characterization Of Building Envelopes Based On Autoclaved Aerated Concrete

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/MC110321

Volume

72

Pages

11

Page Range

363 - 373

Published

2011

Size

672 kb

Author(s)

V. Kočí, J. Výborný & R. Černý

Abstract

Hygrothermal performances of three types of building envelopes based on autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) provided with different thermal insulating materials (expanded polystyrene, hydrophilic mineral wool, AAC with extended thermal insulation capability) are compared. The simulations are accomplished using the computer code HEMOT based on the finite element method. Results of the simulation are the moisture and temperature fields across the building envelope, which in combination with mechanical parameters present a sufficient data source for service life analysis. Keywords: computational analysis, coupled heat and moisture transport, autoclaved aerated concrete, building envelopes, climatic conditions. 1 Introduction Autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) is a structural material which is commonly used around Europe, particularly as it combines ease of construction with excellent combination of its mechanical and thermal properties. However, despite the very good thermal properties of AAC, it can be anticipated that with the increasing demand for energy savings it will become a necessity to provide it with thermal insulating system or at least very good thermal insulating plaster to meet stringent conditions given by future thermal standards. The choice of proper insulating material for AAC is though quite difficult with respect to service life of the whole building envelope. As it was demonstrated in [1–3], most common insulation materials cause extreme hygrothermal straining of

Keywords

computational analysis, coupled heat and moisture transport, autoclaved aerated concrete, building envelopes, climatic conditions