WIT Press


Isotopic Engineering In Surface Science And Technology

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/SECM110171

Volume

71

Pages

12

Page Range

193 - 204

Published

2011

Size

2,879 kb

Author(s)

A. A. Berezin

Abstract

Isotopic Engineering (IE) is a generic term designating targeted use of specific isotopes to modify physical, chemical and technological properties of materials. Stable isotopes of the same chemical element differ in mass, diffusivity, magnetic properties and have different vibrational frequencies in crystalline matrices. This allows one to modify the bulk and surface properties of materials by using isotopic purification and/or changing relative abundances of stable isotopes. For example, natural carbon is a 99.1 percent mixture of C-12 and C- 13. Artificial diamonds grown from pure C-12 (C-13 removed) show significant increase of thermal conductivity due to reduced phonon scattering in isotopically pure crystal lattice. Other examples of IE include light confinement at isotopic interfaces (isotopic fiberoptics), isotopic random number generators, etc. This paper provides an overview of possible applications of IE to modify surface and contact properties. We discuss isotopic effects in optical, electrical and mechanical properties, corrosion initiation and corrosion passivation, as well as a variety of applications of IE to micro and nanotechnology. Of the latter, we discuss isotopic information storage and the formation of isotopic quantum wells at the contact of isotopically different interfaces. Keywords: isotopes, isotopic engineering, surfaces and interfaces, quantum effects, chaos, nanotechnology, tribology, quantum lubrication, corrosion, isotopic information technology. 1 Introduction It is a common knowledge of today that physical, chemical and mechanical properties of material objects derive from the behavior of the constituting atoms

Keywords

isotopes, isotopic engineering, surfaces and interfaces, quantum effects, chaos, nanotechnology, tribology, quantum lubrication, corrosion, isotopic information technology