WIT Press

Extension Of A Model For The Distribution Of Voidage Around Bubbles In A Fluidized Bed


Free (open access)





Page Range

189 - 198




563 kb

Paper DOI



WIT Press


C. Rautenbach, C. Jayarathna, M. C. Melaaen & B. M. Halvorsen


Up to date most models predicting the voidage around bubbles in fluidized beds assume a simple two-phase flow model. A classic example of a model using this basic assumption is the Davidson and Harrison bubble model. In more recent experimental studies it has been shown that there exists a shell of lower voidage around a bubble in a fluidized bed. Better understanding of these phenomenamight play a significant role in understanding other very important effects associated with bubbles in fluidized beds. An example of this might be better understanding the wake of a bubble rising in a fluidized bed and also to better predict mixing in a fluidized bed. The amount of contact between the gas and the solids in a gas-solid fluidized bed is paramount for designing an effective fluidized bed reactor. In the present study a model describing the voidage distribution in front and behind a bubble in a fluidized bed was reexamined and extended. The model proposed by Buyevich et al. used some basic assumptions and previously derived models to compose the model. In the present study the model is extended to two dimensions to give a non-uniform particle distribution around the bubble. Thus voidage distributions all around the bubble could be determined. This new distribution of the voidage could be used to determine a new form of the bubble surface and thus a new boundary condition for the fluidized bubble. The results from the model are compared with simulations carried out at the TUC in Porsgrunn, Norway. The results are discussed and evaluated.


solid fraction, voidage distribution, bubble model, fluidization.