Performance And Prediction Of Centrifugal Pumps With Steady And Unsteady CFD-methods
Free (open access)
J.V. Voorde, E. Dick, J. Vierendeels & S. Serbruyns
The CFD-code FLUENT, version 5.4, has been used for the flow analysis of a test pump of end-suction volute type. FLUENT provides three calculation methods for analysis of turbomachinery flows: the Multiple Reference Frame method (MW), the Mixing Plane method (MP) and the Sliding Mesh method (SM). In all three methods, the flow in the rotor is calculated in a rotating reference frame, while the flow in the stator is calculated in an absolute reference frame. In the MRF and MP methods steady flow equations are solved, while in the SM method, unsteady flow equations are solved. The SM method does not introduce physical approximations. The steady methods approximate the unsteady interaction between rotor and stator. The cost of the unsteady method is however typically 30 to 50 times higher than the cost of the steady methods. It is found that the M W and MP methods lead to completely erroneous flow field predictions for flows far away from the best efficiency point. This makes the steady methods useless for general performance prediction.