WIT Press


TWO-PHASE FLOW PHENOMENA IN A HORIZONTAL PIPE WITH A SUDDEN CONTRACTION: EFFECTS OF CONTRACTION RATIO ON FILM BEHAVIOUR

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/MPF190061

Volume

123

Pages

10

Page Range

53 - 62

Published

2019

Size

941 kb

Author(s)

TAKAHIRO FUJIMATSU, MIZUKI KITO, KUNIKAZU KONDO

Abstract

Experimental studies were conducted on the behaviour of water films in a horizontal pipe with a sudden contraction to achieve a fundamental understanding of the film mechanisms of annular flow using high- speed video imaging analysis. The sudden contraction area ratios AC = (d2 /d1)2 = 0.36 and 0.64, where d1 is the inlet pipe diameter (50 mm) and d2 is the contracted pipe diameter were examined. The experiments were carried out for various values of superficial gas and liquid velocities. The superficial gas velocity after mixing (jG1) ranged from 18.02 to 24.41 m/s (the calculated velocity from the cross- sectional at the sudden contraction was jG2 = 27.98–67.39 m/s) and the superficial liquid velocity (jL1) ranged from 8.62×10-2 to 1.23×10-1 m/s (jL2 = 1.35×10-1–3.42×10-1 m/s). Four flow regimes were observed after the sudden contraction, namely, huge-wave (HW), two-dimensional disturbance wave (DW1) which is formed perpendicularly to a pipe axis having a distinct coherence, three-dimensional disturbance wave (DW2) which is formed obliquely to the pipe axis, and bow wave (DW3) which is transitional wave to “Misty wave” from DW2. The disturbance wave occurrence frequencies were studied under various conditions of flow rate combination of air and water. DW2 occurs over wide range of the superficial gas and liquid velocities. As the superficial gas velocity and the superficial liquid velocity increase, two-dimensional disturbance waves change into three-dimensional ones. The wave occurrence frequencies in the pipe with the sudden contraction ratio AC = 0.36 were mostly higher than those in the pipe with AC = 0.64.

Keywords

sudden contraction, disturbance wave, flow regime, wave occurrence frequency