WIT Press


Effect Of Processor Layout On The Thermal Performance Of Fully Immersed Liquid-cooled Microelectronics

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/HT160131

Volume

106

Pages

12

Page Range

127 - 138

Published

2016

Size

788 kb

Author(s)

Y. Al-Anii, A. Almaneea, N. Kapur, J. Summers, H. Thompson

Abstract

The natural convection cooling system of a fully immersed server in a dielectric liquid is analysed numerically, where the servers are in sealed capsules and submerged in a dielectric fluid. A reduced order flow model is developed under a saturated porous media flow assumption using a Darcy flow regime and the Stokes equations solved numerically using successive over relaxation and time marching techniques. The simplified model is shown to agree well with predictions from full Navier–Stokes flow analyses and then used to study the role of spatial parameters on the convective heat transfer, in particular the effect of the locations and separations of two heat sources representing two central processing units (CPUs). The flow and heat transfer characteristics are analysed for a range of modified Rayleigh numbers between 0.5 and 300 and a correlation for Nusselt number is obtained which shows that the thermal behaviour is most strongly influenced by the modified Rayleigh number and that the vertical separation of the CPUs is more influential than the vertical position of the lower CPU.

Keywords

convective cooling of server, Darcy flow, liquid-immersed server, porous media