WIT Press

Impact Of Ground Water Level Oscillations On Lead Concentration In The Jaworzno Area


Free (open access)








2,625 kb

Paper DOI



WIT Press


M. Gwozdziewicz, A. Bauerek & Z. Bzowski


This paper presents the results of lead content tests obtained during the underground and surface water monitoring in the area of municipal landfill in Jaworzno (Sląskie voivodship, Poland). The appearance of high lead contents in the specific monitoring points was related with environmental data, the geological structure of the area in question and geo-chemical properties of the water bearing Triassic rocks. The over tenfold increase of lead contents (in the range from 0,01 mg/dm3 to 0,1 mg/dm3) was correlated with the extremely low level of underground water. This paper takes into consideration the possibility of occurrence of naturally over-normative lead contents in underground water. Based upon the geo-chemical test results it was stated that the increased content of lead in underground water is probably related to oxidization of ore materials that appear naturally in Triassic dolomites and contain lead. These minerals, initially in the saturation zone, due to the lowering of underground water level were covered by the aeration zone and from being hardly soluble they migrated toward easily soluble. Such a sudden increase of lead contents until the standards for drinking water are exceeded may result in harmful effects for human health. Keywords: lead concentration, lead in underground water. 1 Introduction Monitoring of underground water quality in the carbonate Triassic series within the area of municipal landfill in Jaworzno has been carried out in a continuous manner since June 2000. Water samples are taken, among others, from three piezometers prepared for determination of the impact of the municipal landfill on the quality of underground water. The researches cover with their scope a range of physico-chemical parameters, including lead contents. An increased content of


lead concentration, lead in underground water.