Variability Of Tidal Current, Density Stratification And Tidal Flat Sediment In A Tidal River
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Long-duration observations of tidal currents, stratification, and suspended sediment (SS) were conducted using moored acoustic Doppler current profilers (aDcps) and CTDs in the Ohta flood-way where flow and density conditions change significantly. Spatial variation of SS transport was examined from simultaneous measurements at longitudinal two places (Sta.A and B), which are located in about 2.8 km and 5.8 km upstream from the mouth. The deployment period of one month allowed us to examine the effect of a flood incident, wind, and both semi-diurnal and neap/spring aspects of tides. The data revealed a semi-diurnal stratification cycle driven by tidal straining of freshwater-induced horizontal density gradient at Sta.A. The tidal straining and the nonlinearity of tidal wave bring about the asymmetry of tidal current. The direction of net transport was upstream at Sta.A and downstream at Sta.B for the restricted freshwater discharge. Additional surveys were made to examine particle size distributions of the tidal flat sediment from 1 September 2004 to 28 January 2005. Keywords: suspended sediment, sediment transport, tidal current, tidal straining, stratification, sound scatter, tidal estuary. 1 Introduction Since estuaries often lie within regions of high population and industrial activity, the effects of discharged waste on the water quality, biological productivity, and the diversity of species in estuaries have become a topic of increasing concern. The suspended sediment (SS) in estuaries play a significant role in understanding ecological and engineering problems. The flow in tidal estuaries is very complex, particularly due to tidal oscillations associated with changes in the water depth,
suspended sediment, sediment transport, tidal current, tidal straining, stratification, sound scatter, tidal estuary.