Hazardous Waste Management In Egypt: Status And Challenges
Free (open access)
A. R. Ramadan & A. H. Nadim
Establishing Hazardous Waste Management in Egypt has faced a number of challenges, encompassing the absence of criteria to identify hazardous waste, as well as operational details on how to ensure safe handling of this waste during the different stages of its management, and the lack of treatment and disposal services. A number of these challenges have been addressed, while others have been used to promote hazardous waste minimization. Current efforts in Egypt to fully implement hazardous waste management make use of public private partnerships. Challenges faced and learned experiences are used for making recommendations for developing hazardous waste management in economies in transition. Keywords: hazardous waste management, waste minimization, economies in transition, public private partnership. 1 Introduction Hazardous waste (HW) management has been identified by the Egyptian Government as a priority concern for environmental protection. In this respect, the Egyptian law for environmental protection specifically addresses HW through a number of stipulations concerned with its proper management during the different stages of its lifecycle. Enforcing the stipulations of the environmental law has been faced with a number of serious challenges. The absence of pertinent operational details necessary to ensure compliance presented one set of challenges, particularly with what is concerned with the identification of HW. Another set of challenges entails the absence of HW treatment and disposal services.
hazardous waste management, waste minimization, economies in transition, public private partnership.