WIT Press


The "Environment Impact Factor" (EIF) For Produced Water Discharges – A Tool For Reducing Environmental Impacts

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/ENV040031

Volume

69

Pages

10

Published

2004

Size

515 kb

Author(s)

H. Rye, M. Reed, M. Kristin Ditlevsen, S. Berntsen & E. Garpestad

Abstract

The \“Environment Impact Factor” (EIF) for produced water discharges – a tool for reducing environmental impacts H. Rye1, M. Reed1, M. Kristin Ditlevsen1, S. Berntsen2 & E. Garpestad2 1SINTEF Applied Chemistry, Trondheim, Norway 2Conoco/PPCoN, Norway Abstract The operators on the Norwegian Continental Shelf (NCS) have agreed with the Norwegian Authorities to work towards a reduction of the environmental impact from produced water releases (and also from drill cuttings and mud releases) down to a \“zero release” option, or a \“zero effects release” option. In order to achieve this, an indicator for the potential impact from produced water releases has been developed, namely the EIF (= Environmental Impact Factor). This paper shows how this EIF factor has been applied to five different releases on the NCS in order to select the best option for reducing the potential impact from produced water. Keywords: modeling, environment, produced water, marine discharge. 1 Introduction When oil is produced

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