WIT Press


Modelling Of Heavy Metal Transboundary Pollution In Europe

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/AIR000521

Volume

42

Pages

10

Published

2000

Size

1,046 kb

Author(s)

I. Ilyin

Abstract

Regional-scale three-dimensional Eulerian model applied for calculations of heavy metals (Pb, Cd, and Hg) transport and deposition is presented. Model was developed in the framework of the European Monitoring and Evaluation Program (EMEP) in order to estimate emitter-receptor relationships of countries signed Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP). Model includes such processes as advection, turbulent diffusion, wet scavenging, dry deposition, and chemical transformations for mercury compounds. Natural emissions, mercury re-emission and influx from the background outside the domain are considered. Model resolution is 50x50 knr. The purposes of this work are the following: first, to calculate fields of concentrations and depositions over Europe, second, to estimate regional budget of heavy metals with regard to mo

Keywords