WIT Press


Toxic Nitrophenols From The Liquid Phase Nitration Of Phenols

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/EURO991852

Volume

36

Pages

5

Published

1999

Size

404 kb

Copyright

WIT Press

Author(s)

B. Barletta, R. Belloli, E. Bolzacchini, S. Meinardi P. Galvani, P Gramatica, M. Orlandi, B Rindone and A. Santagostino

Abstract

Toxic Nitrophenols from the Liquid Phase Nitration of Phenols A contribution to subproject CMD B Barletta\ R. BellolP, E Bolzacchini*, S. Meinardi P. Galvani\ P Gramatica\ M. Orlandi\ B Rindone* and A. Santagostino* * Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Milan, Via L.Emanueli 15, /-20726M;/a»,/&,/y ^ Superchrom S.R.L, Via CiroMenotti II, I-20129 Milan, Italy Aromatics with polar substituents such as phenol, benzoic acid, nitrophenols, nitrocresols and others have been found in concentrations in the jig L"* range in the Rhein-Ruhr area in western Germany and in urban Los Angeles rain (Hansen et aL, 1991). Aqueous phase nitration of aromatics may lead to the production of harmful products. Several reports are available related to the toxicity of nitrophenols to organisms. While there is considerable evidence for the occurrence of ar

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