WIT Press


BIOLOGICAL NUTRIENT REMOVAL EFFICIENCIES FOR HYDRAULICALLY OVERLOADED WASTEWATER WORKS

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/WS190201

Volume

239

Pages

9

Page Range

223 - 231

Published

2020

Author(s)

THANDEKA Y. S. JWARA, PAUL MUSONGE, BABATUNDE F. BAKARE, MLULEKI MNGUNI

Abstract

In this current age the environmental laws have become more stringent towards health, economy and reduction of pollution at the point of sources. Results of a comprehensive study are reported for Darvill wastewater works (WWW) inflow in relation to biological nutrient removal process. The incoming and outgoing nutrient (ammonia and soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP)) concentrations were determined using standard testing methods. Calculations of biological nutrient removal (BNR) efficiencies were used to evaluate the effects of high inflow to the biological treatability of the activated sludge for the period 2016–2017. At inflows above design capacity the nutrient removal efficiency was found to be at an average of 40% and SRP removal efficiency being 64% for the period of the study. The nutrient removal efficiency had an inversely proportional relationship to the inflow into the plant with ammonia removal being mostly affected. When the plant is overloaded the BNR process is adversely affected.

Keywords

biological nutrient removal, hydraulically overloaded plants, nutrient removal efficiency.