WIT Press


THEORETICAL INVESTIGATION OF A NOVEL SOLAR STILL CONFIGURATION FOR ENHANCED HIGH-QUALITY DRINKING WATER PRODUCTION

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/WS190161

Volume

239

Pages

12

Page Range

181 - 192

Published

2019

Author(s)

MARIEM JOBRANE, ADEL KHARROUBI, ALIZA KAHN, ACHIM KOPMEIER, CHRISTIAN PENNY

Abstract

Lack of safe and reliable drinking water constitutes a major problem due to a rising worldwide population, global socio-economic development, increasing environmental pressure and climate change. Hence, solar distillation technology for drinking water production presents a conceivable solution for reducing the global water stress. The method requires low capital investment, low maintenance and no energy cost. However, the yield is generally limited. This paper proposes a new solar still configuration using an alternative mode of condensation and thermodynamics. The new solar still was designed to increase the productivity and to improve the efficiency of the conventional solar still. A theoretical study is developed based on a mathematical modelling approach and aims to investigate the performance of the new concept. The obtained results using Matlab software were compared to the conventional solar still system. It has been found that the daily productivity enhancement of the proposed system is around 68% compared to the simple device. An optimization procedure of the proposed solar still was performed in this study based on the design of experiment technique (DoE) using Taguchi approach.

Keywords

solar still, solar energy, design, modelling, simulation, productivity, microcontroller, design of experiment, Taguchi method.