ASSESSMENT OF THE ECOLOGICAL POTENTIAL OF HEAVILY MODIFIED WATER BODIES IN THE BASILICATA REGION, ITALY: CASE STUDY OF THE AGRI RIVER BASIN
Free (open access)
131 - 141
FRANCESCO ARBIA, LORENA DI GIUSEPPE, RAFFAELE GIAMPIETRO, MICHELE GRECO, PATRIZIA MAURO, GIOVANNI MARTINO, ANNA MONTELLA, GIOVANNI MUSSUTO, ERIKA NAPOLI, ANTONELLA SMALDONE
River morphology and ecosystem are macro-indicators of climate and land-use changes as well as human activities and land policies. In the last decades, knowledge of water resources, in terms of quality, quantity, prevention and control, has quickly increased – even for the availability of advanced methodologies and technologies both for monitoring and modelling fields. Nevertheless, the objective of a good ecological status of water bodies has not yet been reached due to human pressure which still induces long term impacts as well as direct or indirect physical constraints. In such a context, the European Water Framework Directive introduces the concepts of artificial water bodies (AWB) and heavily modified water bodies (HMWB) and states that in such cases good ecological potential must be reached while good ecological status is required only for natural water bodies (NWB). Further, the methodologies proposed for the AWB and HMWB need a wide set of parameters and measurements, which are not always systematically available, inducing further actions and analyses in order to evaluate the quality level of the water bodies. Moreover, the AWB or HMWB classification represents an opportunity to resize the measures addressed to achieve good ecological status both in terms of economic engagement and timing with relevant consequences on water resource planning and management. The paper deals with these issues and synthetically reports the work done on the whole Lucanian river network (Basilicata region, Southern Italy) and also presents the Agri River case study in order to classify, as best as possible, AWB, HMWB and NWB as well as to support survey planning.
water framework directive, good ecological potential, good ecological status, heavily modified water bodies, artificial water bodies, natural water bodies