WIT Press


PATH MODELLING ANALYSIS OF POLLUTION SOURCES AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONSEQUENCES IN RIVER BASINS

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/WP180091

Volume

228

Pages

9

Page Range

79 - 87

Published

2018

Size

423 kb

Author(s)

ANTÓNIO FERNANDES, ANA FERREIRA, LUÍS SANCHES FERNANDES, RUI CORTES, FERNANDO PACHECO

Abstract

The Portuguese Index of Macroinvertebrates is used as a pollution index in the study of surface water in Portugal. From an environmental perspective, it is necessary to determine the pollution sources affecting surface water. Not only direct discharges of industrial and urban effluents are the cause; possibly the combination of other pollutions sources could result in ecological loss. To comprehend all the cause and effect relationships between pollution sources, water contamination and ecological integrity, it is necessary to apply complex models and possibly apply the use of thorough statistical tools. Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) has been used in the social sciences for a long time. Due to the present environmental concern and awareness of the phenomenon’s complexity, SEM was used for environmental studies. In this paper are present SEM-PLS models that are applied to collected data from two different river basins, that of the Ave and the Sabor, in order to understand which are their main pollution sources and which contaminants are restraining biodiversity. The applied models from each basin reproduced different realities, as expected, since the river Ave has has the notorious impact of industry, while the Sabor basin has a higher level of water quality.

Keywords

macroinvertebrates, modelling, pollution modelling, Portuguese Index of Macroinvertebrates, river pollution, Structural Equation Modelling